Lagos, Nigeria is a port and the most populous city in Nigeria. With a population of 8 million it is the third most populous city in Africa after Cairo and Kinshasa, and currently estimated to be the second fastest growing city in Africa (7th fastest in the world). Lagos was once the capital of Nigeria, and remains the economic and financial capital of Nigeria.
Lagos was the capital of Nigeria from 1914-1976 and lost its status to Abuja on December 12, 1991. It was stripped of this title when the Federal Capital Territory was established at the purpose-built city of Abuja. However, most government functions (especially the head of state) stayed in Lagos for a time since Abuja was still under construction. In 1991, the head of state and other government functions finally moved to the newly built capital.
Lagos continues to be a commercial center, as it was for much of its history. Portuguese explorer Sequeira first visited the area in 1472, and named the area around the city Lagos, meaning lakes. From 1704-1851 it was a major center of the slave trade. In 1841 Oba Akitoye ascended the throne of Lagos and tried to bring an end to slave trade by placing a ban on trading slaves. Lagos merchants resisted the ban, deposed the king and installed his brother Oba Kosoko. Oba Akitoye, while on exile, met with the British, and got their backing to regain his throne. In 1851 he was reinstalled Oba of Lagos.
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